“Being digitally fluent will mean that learning is a process students continue to engage in. (Howell, 2012 p. 140)”


We are fast moving towards the use of technology in almost every aspect of our lives. Eventually technology would reach the education system, and it has! We are going to explore the following details of digital fluency: what does digital fluency mean, and the skills we need to be successful in our classrooms.

What is digital fluency?

According to Spencer (2015) digital fluency is a combination of the following three concepts:

digital proficiency, digital literacy, social competence or dis-positional knowledge 

The diagram below gives a clear description of each concept (Derek’s blog, 2013):


Howell (2012) concludes that digital fluency is compromised of two characteristics namely skills and experiences. The skills are fundamental learning of actual abilities. however the experiences are more complex and require use of different technologies and their educational applications.

Fundamental skills for the classroom:

To be able to facilitate a “21st century” classroom, Howell (2012) proposes the following four skills to cultivate the target fluency:

  1. Good analytical abilities: modelling the steps.
  2. Board Blended Learning scale up presentation (2)Problem-solving skills: stay calm and identify and solve the problem
  3. Skills in inquiry-based learning: asking questions and identifying specific skills of students, resources and guidance to ensure engaged inquiry.
  4. Skills in play-based learning: playful activities for creative learning.

21st century

Over time technology has made teaching different concepts more accessible, reliant, and accommodating for the learner, the teacher as well as the parents. Acquiring the necessary skills and knowledge to  achieve the outcomes and support the learners need are crucial to being a successful life-long learner!

 In the years ahead, digital fluency will become a prerequisite for obtaining jobs, participating meaningfully in society, and learning throughout a lifetime. (Resnick, 2002, p. 33)


21st century learning. Image retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/search?q=skills+for+a+21st+century+classroom&rlz=1C1NHXL_enAU683AU683&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjOr8bmqbXTAhXMnpQKHWSECDYQ_AUIBigB&biw=1600&bih=770#q=skills+for+a+21st+century+classroom&tbm=isch&tbs=rimg:CV53zLN64QfsIjjBKThGcWbiXcqFMWgv52KrVTEZyY10uAiYAvU8jdUYyHIZn6_1j_1mV_1TbNQMQc7JN-p_1KIWIFzT2ioSCcEpOEZxZuJdERuvTYRUFY3-KhIJyoUxaC_1nYqsRJyIfW9bLB4UqEglVMRnJjXS4CBHeqBsbT68xayoSCZgC9TyN1RjIESK5aOg1uK9uKhIJchmfr-P-ZX8Rwi3Ffm6vi1kqEglNs1AxBzsk3xG6-G0-WzMTmSoSCan8ohYgXNPaEQRBm49wWDj7&imgrc=yoUxaC_nYqu3oM:

Educational technology and mobile learning. Image retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/search?q=skills+for+a+21st+century+classroom&rlz=1C1NHXL_enAU683AU683&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjOr8bmqbXTAhXMnpQKHWSECDYQ_AUIBigB&biw=1600&bih=770#q=skills+for+a+21st+century+classroom&tbm=isch&tbs=rimg:CV53zLN64QfsIjjBKThGcWbiXcqFMWgv52KrVTEZyY10uAiYAvU8jdUYyHIZn6_1j_1mV_1TbNQMQc7JN-p_1KIWIFzT2ioSCcEpOEZxZuJdERuvTYRUFY3-KhIJyoUxaC_1nYqsRJyIfW9bLB4UqEglVMRnJjXS4CBHeqBsbT68xayoSCZgC9TyN1RjIESK5aOg1uK9uKhIJchmfr-P-ZX8Rwi3Ffm6vi1kqEglNs1AxBzsk3xG6-G0-WzMTmSoSCan8ohYgXNPaEQRBm49wWDj7&imgrc=XnfMs3rhB-zuyM:

Good J. 2016. What is digital fluency. Video retrieved from youtube What is digital fluency

Howell J. 2012. Teaching with ICT. Oxford University Press. Australia. P115 ,p122, p140.

Pinterest. 21st century classroom. Image retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/search?q=skills+for+a+21st+century+classroom&rlz=1C1NHXL_enAU683AU683&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjOr8bmqbXTAhXMnpQKHWSECDYQ_AUIBigB&biw=1600&bih=770#imgrc=c5ZRQ1orDHh1hM:

Spencer K. 2015. What is digital fluency. Retrieved from https://karenmelhuishspencer.com/2015/10/30/what-is-digital-fluency/

Derek’s blog. 2013. Digital literacy. Image retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/search?q=digital+proficiency,+digital+literacy+and+social+competence&rlz=1C1NHXL_enAU683AU683&espv=2&tbm=isch&source=lnms&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiI0rGi67bTAhUPtJQKHdiJBZAQ_AUIBygC&biw=1600&bih=770#tbm=isch&q=explanation+of+digital+proficiency,+digital+literacy+and+social+competence&imgrc=qtnivCk3KAtIWM:


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